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Chemical Kinetics: Fundamentals and Recent Developments Evgeny Denisov, ISBN-13: 978-0444509383



Chemical Kinetics: Fundamentals and Recent Developments by Evgeny Denisov, ISBN-13: 978-0444509383

[PDF eBook eTextbook]

  • Publisher: ‎ Elsevier Science; 1st edition (June 6, 2003)
  • Language: ‎ English
  • 566 pages
  • ISBN-10: ‎ 0444509380
  • ISBN-13: ‎ 978-0444509383

Covers both classical and modern aspects of chemical kinetics.

Comprehensive manual embracing essentially all the classical and modern areas of chemical kinetics. Provides details of modern applications in chemistry, technology and biochemistry.

Special sections of the book treat subjects not covered sufficiently in other manuals, including: modern methods of experimental determination of rate constants of reactions including laser pico- and femtochemistry, magnetochemistry, and ESR; and descriptions of advanced theories of elementary chemical processes.

The main concepts of chemical kinetics were formulated during the end of the 19’h century when C. Guldberg and P. Waage formulated the law of action mass (1867) and Arrhenius his famous equation (1889) of the temperature dependence of the rate constant. The book “Etudes de dynamique chimique” (1884) written by Vant-Hoff was the first monograph on chemical kinetics. In this monograph, chemical kinetics was presented as simple chemical reactions. It was in the beginning of the 20″ century that researchers faced complicated mechanisms of chemical reactions and during the period 1910-1 935, chain reactions were discovered (M. Bodenstein, N. Semenov, S Hinshelwood). In this period, chemical kinetics was transformed into the science of complex chemical reactions in gaseous and liquid phases. Simultaneously, the theory of the elementary act of monomolecular and bimolecular reactions was advanced. The absolute rate theory was developed in the 1930s by S. Glasstone, K. Laidlerand and H. Eyring. New advancements in the theory of chemical reactions began with the appearance and development of quantum chemistry. The advanced theory of electron and proton transfer as “simple” models of chemical reactions opened the way for a profound understanding of the quantum-mechanical factors affecting elementary chemical processes and simulated a cascade of experimental studies in chemistry and biology (R. Marcus, V.G. Levich and J. Jortner).

The study of chain reactions initiated interest in reactions involving active intermediates as free atoms and radicals. An array of new experimental methods for the study of these very fast reactions was invented in the middle of the 20th century. The most important was EPR, viz., a method of study of free radical reactions. A large number of experimental measurements of the rate constants of various reactions were performed during the last half of the century.

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